Virtual Psychological Technologies: "Forsage" Method
Nosov N.A., Iatsenko I.T.
(Chapter 3 and Cjnclusion from: Nosov N.A., Iatsenko I.T. "The Parallel Worlds: Virtual Psychology of Alcoholism". - Moscow: Institute of Human Studies, 1996. - 128 p.p.)
The above description of virtual nature of alcoholism is not only of a purely theoretical but of a principal practical value because our method for treatment of alcoholism ("Forsage" method) results from theoretical concepts. The "Forsage" method includes two parts: properly anti-alcoholic and normalizing. The goal of the anti-alcoholic part is to eliminate alcoholic virtual reality; the goal of the normalizing part is to normalize functioning of systems and organs of a human body. In accordance with theoretical concepts, alcoholic virtual reality is nothing else than an extended alcoholic virtual image. This means that alcoholic virtual reality may be eliminated by means of devirtualization of active virtual images. Properly, this is the psychological essence of the "Forsage" method with respect to the mechanism of alcoholic disease. The normalizing part of the "Forsage" method is also based on the virtual model but this is the virtual model of a human organism. From the virtual point of view, alcohol becomes habitual and distorts the virtual self-image of the body. In this case, functioning of organs and systems of the body is regulated by this distorted self-image. And the matter is that even if a person eliminated his alcoholic virtual reality and he feels no thirst for alcohol, there is still so-called body memory, which provokes hi alcoholic behaviour resulting finally in consumption of alcohol. Theoretically, from the virtual point of view, elimination of alcohol from the body memory is possible by normalization of the body self-image thus removing alcoholic elements. Properly, this is the psychological part of the "Forsage" method with respect to the conditions of alcoholic disease. Alcoholism is a very complex phenomenon that is shown by the fact that both the conditions of the disease and the alcoholic virtual images are individual for each person; therefore, only strictly individual treatment can be effective. The "Forsage" method is based on the obligatory comprehensive individual examination of each patient. Thus, the "Forsage" method is characterized by the fact that it is oriented on the struggle against both the reasons and conditions of the disease. Combination of the devirtual and normalizing parts of alcoholism treatment on the basis of a special theoretical model of alcoholism with the account of individual features of the patient enables to consider the "Forsage" method not as a particular technique for struggle against alcoholism but as a technology of virtual psychological therapy of alcoholism. Before detailed description of each part of the "Forsage" method, consider the virtual psychophysiological model of a person corresponding to diagnostical and therapeutical procedures used in the "Forsage" method. The "Forsage" method is based on the work with acupuncture points. What is the relationship between the acupuncture points and the psychophysiological processes from the virtual point of view? We consider the acupuncture points as peculiar indicators and regulators of the state of the virtual image. The acupuncture points contain information of the organs and systems of the body and do not affect directly one or another organ or system but affect representation of organs and systems in the virtual image. As was aforementioned, the virtual image is independent, i. e., it can regulate the processes reflected therein. In other words, the virtual image has not only the reflective but also the regulat ry function. The sense of existence of the virtual image is the actual regulation of processes, i. e., provision of their compliance with the specific conditions of vital activity including internal (mental and physiological) and external (environmental) conditions. The acupuncture points act as organs providing the relationships of the virtual image with the external and internal conditions of vital activity. An acupuncture point, whose status corresponds to a specific organ or functional system, is able t examine the environmental effect and regulate the status of the virtual image, which in turn regulates the organ status. The virtual image involves integration and co-ordination of functioning of all the body systems and mind. With respect to therapy of alcoholism, the "Forsage" method is based on the principle that the patient's alcoholic images, which generate his alcoholic virtual realities, are discovered by means of examination and interview and eliminated for some time through affecting specific points (these points are know-how). After recovery by means of the said acupuncture effect, these images become constant and, therefore, cannot now generate virtual realities. Thus, the alcoholic dependence is removed, and the patie t feels no irresistible thirst for drinking alcohol. With respect to normalization of the health status, the principle of the "Forsage" method is that the status of all the necessary acupuncture points is driven to the physiological standard. Therefore, the virtual image of the body begins functioning in accordance with the physiological standard and adjusting the work of all the organs and systems to this standard. Thus, the organism returns to its normal functioning, where there is no space for alcoholism. Now, we describe in details each part of the "Forsage" method. Elimination of Alcoholic Virtual Reality As was aforementioned, alcoholic virtual reality is based on actualization of alcoholic virtual images. An alcohol-independent person has no alcoholic virtual images, all his images with respect to alcohol are constant like all the other images. An alcohol-independent person endures as consuetudinary his images, which are mental or perceived by his sensor organs (sensor images), i. e., they do not generate any special virtual feelings. An alcohol-dependent person also perceives everything beyond alcohol as onstant images: his sight of a book, tree, etc. does not generate any special feelings. But once he sees a bottle of vodka, feels smell or taste of alcohol or even thinks of these images, his virtual alcoholic reality is generated, and he sinks there and his behaviour complies with the regulations of this reality. The principal goal of existing non-virtual methods for treatment of alcoholism is to make a prohibition for a person to realize his behaviour corresponding to the alcoholic reality. These methods enable an alcohol-dependent person to turn his alcoholic virtual reality but so that the basic element of behaviour in the alcoholic virtual reality (drinking alcohol) generates a strong negative physiological reaction. Being afraid of this reaction, the patient attempts not to drink alcohol and mobilizes all his w ll, which is often insufficient for abstinence. These methods result in the situation, where all the patient's life until his death turns into continuous struggle against himself and takes away a lot of mental and physical forces. As a rule, this struggle results in deformation of the personality. The principal goal of our "Forsage" method is devirtualization of alcoholic virtual images, i. e., elimination of alcoholic virtual reality. As a result of application of the "Forsage" method, an alcohol-dependent person begins to perceive the alcoholic images as constant, emotionally indifferent, and neutral. A person, who passed the "Forsage" method has no problems of struggle against himself and against his thirst for alcohol, because his thirst for alcohol merely disappears. This person resumes his norm l life. The essence of the "Forsage" method is devirtualization of alcoholic virtual image, i. e., its transformation into a constant image. Methodically, this is achieved because the alcoholic virtual image is for some time actually destroyed using special acupuncture methods, i. e., the patient cannot recover this image in his mind; then in several seconds this image is returned to the patient. The restored image losses its capacity of virtual actualization; therefore, it cannot generate alcoholic virtual reality any more. Below we give two examples of application of the "Forsage" method to alcoholic virtual images. "I am going to tell something about my life, where drinking of alcohol turned into necessity. It always began from small insignificant doses, but when a glass came to my mouth, my organism demanded more alcohol without fail. Earlier, I did not even think that I would have to pass a course of treatment for removal of my alcoholic dependence. I thought that it was simple to give up drinking, but it was not so simple; though I clearly understood the results of alcoholism by my father's example; he cannot be co sidered as alcoholic, but alcohol or alcoholic dependence did what they could. Earlier, he drank on pay-days and on holidays, then he started drinking almost every day when he went to business trips. Finally, this had a sad end; he was paralyzed in 1986 and died in 1995, though he was in the age of 66. That is why I decided for myself to end up with my disease and pass a therapeutical course for removal of alcoholic dependence by means of "Forsage". Certainly, I cannot tell everything that occurred with me in these procedures. When I imagined alcohol, it disappeared somewhere, or when I imagined myself lifting a glass of vodka and felt its weight in my hand, it actually disappeared in several seconds. Going to the physician for the first time, I wanted to drink beer at every stall, but when I returned home already after a short procedure, I looked at this beer or wine indifferently. Now, I do not drink alcohol, I even feel no thirst for it, and I seem o lose nothing but, on the other hand, I have got perfect sleep and good appetite, and my home conflicts stopped." (F-v, aged 37) "I passed two therapeutical procedures of the "Forsage" method. During the first procedure, the physician told me to imagine a bottle of vodka. Manipulating her instrument, the physician did so that this bottle, which I clearly imagined and saw, gradually became empty, and then disappeared at all. Then I imagined a glass of vodka. After manipulations, I felt the same: the glass became empty and then disappeared. I was told to imagine a festive meal. Bottles with alcohol gradually disappeared in the same way In about ten minutes after the procedure, I had an abundant urination, which then periodically continued (in 15 or 20 minutes). A feeling of intoxication appeared. In the morning, I felt a hangover syndrome, but I had absolutely no wish to take a drink. My headache reduced by the evening. In a hotel, at a dinner, I poured vodka for three persons, but I even had no thought of drinking. Then I passed the second procedure. I came to my physician in a perfect mood. I had no headache and was absolutely easy in my mind. It was quite a miracle: after the second procedure, I was blissfully happy. I witness that the "Forsage" method is exclusively effective." (Sh-v, aged 48) In virtual psychotherapy of alcoholism, the aspect of the patient's affection to non-alcoholic reality is of the most importance. If a person has no values and goal of life in the non-alcoholic reality, it is very difficult for him to retain in this reality that often results in failures in the complete absence of thirst for alcohol. In this respect, relatives, friends, and the patient himself must attempt to restore or create these values and the sense of the patient's life. Sometimes, this value may be a og, which becomes his friend. The patient must be morally supported in his intention to the abstinent life, in his aspiration for restoration of his social status, if he has not sufficient yearning for life. Due to the fact that most patients at the second and especially at the first stage of the disease have not yet lost their connections with the non-alcoholic reality, efficiency of the "Forsage" method is almost the same for the first and the second stages of the disease and equals 93 and 88 per cent, respectively, as was aforementioned. Below we give an example of recovery of a person with the second stage of alcoholism. "All my childhood passed with my alcoholic father. There were continuous conflicts between my parents, tipsy meals in the kitchen with my father's friends followed by sleepless nights, when he searched for alcohol all over the flat. At that time, I thought that I would never drink alcohol. For the first time, I tasted dry wine in the age of 15, I tasted vodka when I was about 18 and began drinking beer after 23. I married, my first children were born. Everything was like in other families. I drank alcohol o ly with my guests on holidays. It seemed to last forever. But when I was going to 30 the frequency of drinks began to increase: sometimes, I had occasions at my work, sometimes the day was hard, sometimes I was in a bad temper. However, I thought that everything was under my control, because I did not fall into hard drinking but went to my work in the morning and did everything at home, and was a good father and husband. During the last three years, I drank alcohol practically every day, if it was not a strong drink than I drank beer without fail. I conceived to liking for beer and drank 5 to 7 bottles daily. Normally, I drank alcohol in the evening after work that calmed me for some time. Though in the morning I always felt pangs of conscience and swore not to drink any more. But, alas, evening came, and there was always an occasion to drink (normally, with my friends). Then I felt thirst for alcohol of I had not drunk. On such days, I drank alone before going home. Quarrels with my wife began. I understood that I became alcoholic and could not give up drinking myself. There were ideas to encode myself, but I delayed; I thought it was very artificial rather than natural introduction into my mind. My wife got to know about the "Forsage" method, and we decided to attempt. After the very first procedure, I felt enthusiasm and became sure that I was able to and had to give up drinking and that was enough for me, and that my life could be much more interesting and valuable than it was before. My thirst for alcohol disappeared. I was able to refuse from drinking with my friends, however, I had to laugh the matter off and refer to my provisional problems though I said to everybody without hiding that I wou d not drink for a long time. To my surprise, already in the first week my diseases began to leave though I failed to treat them for more than a year before. My sleep became much better. Earlier, I could not sleep after midnight; now I sleep until morning as a baby. I made sure that I would give up drinking because it was better. The second procedure was not quite clear to me. They took away and then returned my ability to feel the real smell of alcohol. They took away my ability to imagine bottles with alco ol, taste of alcohol, and its smell. I attempted but failed to imagine a festive meal with a lot of drinks. Then I gave up my continuous concentration on bottles in the shop windows. I gave up even thinking of alcohol though I am not afraid of it. I know that I can at any moment stop my abstinent life and resume drinking. But why??? After I have not been drinking for a month, I consciously do not want to drink. Situation in my family improved, my friends' wives look at me with kind envy, and my friends themselves began to say that they really had to "reduce cycles." (K-in, aged 38) The problem of virtual psychotherapy of alcoholism at the third stage of disease is not even in removal of the patient from his virtual reality and blockade of his rather few virtual alcoholic images but in the fact that he had nowhere to return. He has already nothing in his non-alcoholic reality and in his life that could retain and support him there: his family is broken, his social life is lost, his health is undermined, and human relations are lost. Nobody is waiting for him, nobody needs him, and he h s nothing to do. The third stage of alcoholism is actually incurable in the world practice, the only result achieved by traditional methods of treatment is provisional termination of hard drinking. In our practice, the "Forsage" method enabled to cure 35 per cent of alcoholic patients in the third stage of the disease. We give here an example of recovery of a patient in the third stage of alcoholic disease. "What is the "bottom", not in the book by Gorky but in Moscow, I know not by hearsay. I am alcoholic in the third generation, all men in my origin drank hard and died either from drinking or from heart diseases. I myself tasted alcohol at the age of five, when my father having his hangover poured me about 50 grams of vodka. I remember how I drank in one gulp, my head began to swim, and I fell as though dead. My mother did something with me, shouted, beat my father, than I do not remember anything. Since the , after the guests left I used to sneak up to the table, pour the remaining alcohol in a glass, took it away to my room, and drank at night on the sly, not at once but little by little. Thus, I got used to alcohol, however, strange as it may seem, I finished an eight-year school and a trade college, though I could not work anywhere for a long time in my speciality, because I always fell into hard drinking. I passed a labour therapeutical preventive clinic then I married, but my wife and child could not stop me. My wife suffered from me for several years and then took my daughter and moved to her mother, and I remained alone in the flat, because my parents lived separately, with my grandmother. I started a life of paradise: drinking-bouts, meetings with my friends, sale of things; this life lasted until I had no money or things to buy vodka. When everything was sold and spent on drink, I merely lived in the street, gathered bottled, went to dumps, was a tramp, ate garbage, and I would sell the flat if it were m ne, and if I tell you what happened next, you will not believe: I was lying near a shop and was trembling, I felt so badly that I saw nothing and was going to die and free myself from this horror and nightmare, where I spent last years. I woke up when some man poured vodka into my mouth. When I regain consciousness, this quite strange man told me that some woman had sent him for a bottle of vodka for my hangover, and then she left putting her card into my pocket, this man pointed to my pocket with this visi ing card, there I read the address of the room, where this woman worked as a physician. I did not dare to visit her at once, I thought for a long time, and paid my visit in a month or two, I do not remember exactly; my appearance was terrible, I had a sport shoe on one foot and a boot on another, without any socks, dirty and filthy. The physician arranged to place me in mental hospital No. 13, where I spent about two months. My thirst reduced, but did not leave completely, I wanted to resume drinking little by little, however, I took tetraethylthiuram disulfide in the hospital and knew possible effects of drinking on my health, so I decided to talk with the physician who saved my life. Certainly, I was recovered and fed in the hospital, shaved, and the physician did not recognize me at once. I told Julia Timofeevna that my thirst was strong but I was afraid of alcohol, which could destroy my liver, and did not know what to do, and so she began working with me. During the very first procedure, she removed my th rst, then she performed five procedures, my mood was normalized, and I became absolutely indifferent to alcohol, I decided to try normal life. My wife did not believe me and she did not want to return to a pigsty in my flat. I did not know what to do: I had no money, the bottles I gathered were not enough to make a repair, and I began working at commercial stalls, carried and unloaded the goods, and traders paid attention to my trade sharpness, I started independent trading at the market and had a part of p ofits for myself, in a year I began shuttle trips for my employer. Having saved enough money, I started my own business. Turkey - market, market - Turkey, so I spent about a year until I got acquainted with a merchant, who owned a shop, so he invited me as a department manager. I worked for him as a shop assistant, manager, and merchandiser. Little by little, I got relations, repaired my flat, bought some furniture, at last, my wife returned, and I became sure of the next day. I did not even think of alcoho , however, every three months I visited my physician; Julia Timofeevna helped me a lot, especially in the first years of my abstinent life. And finally the day came when I became the owner of a stall. This event was celebrated in the "Transcarpathian Patterns" Restaurant, I knew if I drank I would lose everything I had got, and I did not because there was no thirst and I did not want to let down my physician and wife. The way from a debaucher to a stall-owner and then to the director of a company took me fi e years of abstinent life. Having found my own place in life and recovered my ego and family, I will not let alcohol fight me down even if my thirst reappears. During these years, my alcoholic father died from insult, and now I am the head in my family and for my mother." (D-v, aged 45) The "Forsage" method blocks appearance of alcoholic virtual images and enables a person to live quietly without a continuous fear of failure that usually accompanies patients who passed other methods of treatment of alcoholism. Two cases below will be given as examples. "I passed the therapeutical course by the "Forsage" method (one procedure). I visited my physician after a large dose of alcohol. I felt very badly, my thirst was great, my sleep and appetite were disordered, and I had kidney-ache. During the procedure, the physician took away and returned me the smell of alcohol. When I attempted to imagine a bottle of alcohol, it appeared, disappeared, and whirled. At the end of the procedure it disappeared from my mind (poured somewhere). After the procedure, I went out and felt much better, my head was swimming like after 100 t 150 grams of vodka, my thirst disappeared, and my kidneys functioned normally. After these procedures, I am not afraid of vodka (I can go and drink at once), I merely have NO need in alcohol. I was treated from the age of 20 by many physicians, passed "Torpedo", "Esperal", was encoded but I have never lived so calmly and surely like after procedures by the "Forsage" method." (Ch-v, aged 39) "I tasted alcohol in my early youth. At first it was a glass for good temper, then it turned into habit and then disease. One cannot understand his fall. The most difficult is to acknowledge alcoholism. Only then one begins thinking about future life, whether to sink slowly or to swim to the shore. Everybody had a little belief in the existing methods for treatment of alcoholism. So did I. However, I decided to attempt. I was treated in hospital No. 13, took the "Torpedo" preparation, was treated in the Lik achev plant hospital for three times, was encoded for two times. After every treatment, I did not drink alcohol for eighteen months to two years. Once I abstained for five years. Then there was a failure. What retained me from alcohol? Only FEAR! Under the threat of death, the fear made a prohibition. Drink and die! All these methods did not remove my thirst for alcohol, on the contrary, my thirst for alcohol only increased. It did not go away. Especially, being hungry, one wants to drink a glass of vodka a d have a good meal. But the fear retained. In the heat one is afraid to drink a cup of kvass or juice: it may be fermenting. One is afraid to drink from a glass with his friends: alcohol might be there. And still one fails. A failure leads to hard drinking. The way back is very terrible and poignant. I would never wish it for my enemy. After the last failure, I attempted to encode in one company: they promised as if the progressive method to kill the thirst for alcohol by means of affecting the appropriate rain centers. However, my thirst reappeared as soon as I left this company. No effect! That was the end in my struggle for abstinent life. I did not believe anything. Surely, the Lord heard my prayer for help, and one day I visited Dr. J.T. Yatsenko. I was surprised by her strictly individual approach to each patient that I had never seen before. Hope added to my wish to give up drinking alcohol. There were some doubts, but they disappeared after the very first procedure. Now my life if normal. I enjoy my w rk. I have a normal family. The most important is that there is no thirst for alcohol. Being hungry, I want only to eat. During festive meals and celebrations (I have to visit them), I do not envy those who drink and do not feel any wish to drink a little. As before, I like to entertain my guests. This gives me pleasure. I have just forgotten to say the most important thing: together with my absolute indifference to alcohol, my FEAR completely disappeared!" (Ka-n, aged 58) Certainly, there can be failures of patients who passed the "Forsage" method. And one of the reasons of these failures includes only the external circumstances: "friends", business contacts, etc. "I abused alcohol from the age of 12, hard drinks took the last ten years, they lasted from a week to a month, with great difficulties I interrupted drinking alcohol and then failed again. Several times my relatives and wife called a physician, made injections, set droppers. I passed all the kinds of treatment of alcoholism that exist in nature. My father is a physician, my mother is a teacher; they used all their relations and treated me both in and out of hospitals, but nothing helped. My thirst was not r moved, and I resumed drinking. In 1992, I visited Dr. J.T. Yatsenko on the order from the Ministry of Health Protection and passed examination and a therapeutical course by the "Forsage" method, my thirst was completely eliminated, and I did not want to drink alcohol any more. So six months passed, and I came to Julia Timofeevna and said that I wanted to attempt living like normal people. To my surprise, the physician agreed to help me. We spent a month for acupuncture and setting the dose. With a great pleasure I joined this experiment, I wonder that thirst appeared only after 200 grams of vodka, then the physician permitted me to drink alcohol from time to time but no more than 100 or 150 grams. I was infinitely happy, now I did not simply drink in one gulp but savoured and prolonged pleasure for the evening, while the first wineglass gave me relaxation, and the rest dose heated my body. I drank seldom, even with my friends, that was not the case before, because I simply got drunk there. This "sweet life" lasted for three years, I never l t myself drink more than 150 grams because I remembered the doctor's words and did not want to return to the life I escaped. Every five years I meet my classmates in the forest fishing. Last time it was in 1995. My wife let me go easily, because there was no reason to make a scene at home. I took a bottle of brandy and put some snack in my bag and five of us met at the station and reached our place. We were already awaited there. The first day passed normally, I drank my "dose" but did not give up and went for a bathe in the river. The night was warm, but cold water in the river quickly sobered me, and I fell asleep. Early in the morning, my friends "dragged" themselves out of the tents searching for alcohol and began to shame me saying that I was a weakling and could not drink more than 100 grams. But how could I tell them that I had passed treatment and did not want to fall ill again? When they started to speak on my weakness again drinking vodka straight from the bottle, I without a word poured 200 grams for myself and drank, than I drank another 200 grams and understood that I wanted and was able to drink more. On that day, I se m to drink about two bottles of vodka, the two following days passed like in a nightmarish dream. I do not know how my sobered friends got me home, this hard drinking led me to hospital with a severe heart-ache, I spent there two weeks and had enough to think about, and I realized that I had lost my ability for a normal life by the caprice of my boon companions; that is why I want to tell everybody who wishes a normal life: "After treatment do not listen to anybody, do not yield to your friends and if you m naged to set up your dose, keep in mind that if you once exceed it and your disease like a snake will embrace your neck and try to strangle you. Good luck!" (Sh-ev, aged 32) Having passed the repeated course of treatment, Sh-v returned to the normal life. We should, however, note that the problem of dosed drinking of alcohol is of a great importance with respect to science and practice and is very poorly developed in the world practice of treatment of alcoholism; but the theory of psychological virtual realities provides good perspectives in this direction, and in favourable circumstances the authors would be glad to investigate this problem, especially as there are certain achievements described in the case above. An essential aspect in the therapy of alcoholism is to determine the complete set of alcoholic virtual images of an individual person. The matter is that a non-eliminated alcoholic virtual image whatever weak it could be (that determines the difficulty in identification thereof) can appear in some time and initiate thirst for alcohol like in the case given below. "I abused alcohol from the age of 15, was treated for many times (Esperal, encoding, Torpedo) but could not abstain for more than six months and then failed. After treatment by the "Forsage" method, I did not drink alcohol for more than three years. In the first months after treatment I had sometimes the same dream that I drank again, I woke up in the night, saw my wife sleeping quietly, I felt shivery dripping with sweat like having a hangover and could not sleep until morning. After these dreams, I felt b oken for some days and did not tell about these dreams either to my wife or to the physician. Time passed, and these dreams became less frequent, in two years I forgot about them. I could sit with my friends, pour alcohol and that did not result in any thirst. The relations in the family with my wife and children normalized, I was promoted at my work and became a manager of a large group, I was respected and my opinion was taken into consideration. Nothing seemed to foretell the trouble, my bar was full of lcoholic drinks, but I was indifferent to them. Suddenly my mind went blank: I saw my hand as if were not mine opening the bar, taking a bottle of brandy and pouring into a wineglass, then "my alter ego" brought this wineglass to his mouth and drank, then I immediately realized that it was I who actually drank brandy, I felt heat in my stomach and now deliberately I finishedfelt sleepiness and went to bed feeling no pangs of conscience. In the morning my wife returned from our country house, I ould not get up and go to my work, and then I realized what had happened but was not able to abstain from a strong thirst for alcohol. This hard drinking lasted for two weeks and was terminated with great difficulties by a group of physicians. In these two weeks of hard drinking, I lost my work and what is the most important my abstinent life. After the repeated therapeutical course by the "Forsage" method, my health was recovered, I feel no thirst for alcohol, dreams do not torment me any more, but I must gain fight for my lost position in life". (R-v, aged 35) Now (1996), five years have passed after the repeated treatment there is no thirst for alcohol. R-v managed again to reach a high social position. In the case of R-v, the non-eliminated image appeared first in his dreams and then realized when he was awake. As we discussed in the first chapter, the virtual image has its own activity and may control behaviour in the same way as the image of external reality. In such a case we observe a split personality, precisely a split of images, when a person has simultaneously both the constant image and virtual image, and each of them controls its part of this person. In some of our experiments (see chapter 1), w observed the cases, when "mind thought one and hands did another". In order to demonstrate that split images are observed not only for alcohol-dependent persons and in experiments, we give below this aviation case. A first-class pilot writes: "I have completed a turn and clearly see that the plane silhouette on the gyrohorizon stopped at the required line but I feel something quite different. I distinctly feel that the plane is flying with its back down and not horizontally but with its nose lifted upward. I see on the instruments. The instrument panel is in order, but disorder is in myself. In vain I attempted to convince myself that the truth is in the instruments... - nothing helped. The feeling is so clear that I trongly hold the handle (plane control - N.N., J.Ya.) being afraid of coming off the seat. My mind split. There were two persons who showed quite different reactions to this situation. One was controlled by emotions and feelings, he demanded to act in accordance with them. The second was controlled by sense, and he demanded to believe the instruments and their indications. But both of them had the same hands who received controversial instructions and did not know what to do. For some time I could not move the control handle though I clearly saw that the flight mode was violated. When I forced myself to move it in the required direction, I did this so extravagantly that the vertical speed indicator quickly passed zero rather than reached it." (Kachorovskii, 1977, p. 20) If Pilot Kachorovskii could not force himself to act correctly we would not likely read this description, and R-v failed to win his virtual image. Nowadays, the set of alcoholic virtual images of every individual alcohol-dependent person is determined by means of examination and interview. For discovery of alcoholic virtual images, we develop computer technologies that will enable to determine all this set. A principal novelty of the "Forsage" method as a virtual technology is the work with virtual images rather than with consequences of their functioning. Being quite a single image, an alcoholic virtual image, for example the image of a wine bottle, generate a specific virtual reality, whose degree of expansion and abundance of events is subjectively comparable with non-alcoholic reality of common life, i. e., for an alcohol-dependent person, his alcoholic reality is not worse but better (brighter and more at ractive), as we said in the first chapter, than his non-alcoholic reality of common life. All the known anti-alcoholic methods are oriented on the struggle against the thirst for alcohol: either a patient is afraid of it as a result of encoding, sewing, etc., or he tries to adjust his life to it as a result of a special psychotherapy, for example, the "Twelve Steps" theory. The goal of virtual therapy of alcoholism is to block the possible generation of alcoholic virtual reality, i. e., transformation of an alcoholic virtual image into a consuetudinary image of constant reality. After the procedure of virtual therapy by the "Forsage" method, the images, which generated alcoholic virtual reality, do not generate this reality any more. If we give a metaphorical comparison, we may say that non-virtual anti-alcoholic methods are oriented to stopping a moving tractor by force, and sometimes they are successful. But once a the force becomes weaker, the tractor resumes its motion. The virtual therapy merely switches off the clutch, and the tractor stops all by itself. Unlike non-virtual methods for treatment of alcoholism, the virtual technology has more global objectives. Non-virtual technologies block alcoholic behaviour ("tractor motion") retaining, without changes, and even preserving the psychophysiological status of an alcoholic personality (presence of thirst for alcohol and alcoholic emotions), and to some extent enhance the parameters of an alcoholic personality (generating the fear of failure and the stress of will on retention of non-alcoholic behavior). The virtual technology eliminates the problems with the thirst for alcohol, i. e., destroys the alcoholic virtual reality and sets the next problem to recover normal functioning of the organism adapted to drinking of alcohol. Normalization of Organism Functioning Acupuncture is the methodical basis for psychological virtual technology. In addition, the results of biochemical blood examination are obligatory used. Nowadays, there are express analytical methods that give results in several seconds. It is desirable to obtain the analytical results on the contents of microelements in an organism. These methods do not require any introduction inside the organism but involve the chemical composition of hair, exhaled air, etc. Analysis and normalization of organism functioning are performed using a series of instruments: ARDK and SEM-02 (Yatsenko, 1995, patent). The theoretical basis of the acupuncture method is the following virtual model of a human body. Theoretically (see chapter 1), any process in human mind and body is demonstrated in some display that enables to monitor and control this process. In this respect, it is quite reasonable to speak about the self-image of the body, a specific display demonstrating the virtual image of the body (organism), where physiological processes are displayed and controlled. Existence of the virtual image of the body is confirmed by the fact that the human organism is an active and self-regulating structure; therefore, there must be some display demonstrating the nature of processes therein and the degree of deviation from the standard. In fact, this image (a) is generated (b) by the actual processes in the organism and produces c a regulating effect on organism functioning thus demonstrating its (d) self-sufficiency, i. e., this body image has all the features of virtual reality (generation, actuality, interactivity, and self-sufficiency) and, therefore, is virtual. Being consuetudinary, a normal virtual body image is not reflected by a person. For an alcohol-dependent person, abnormal physiological processes caused by abuse of alcohol became normal and natural; i. e., a pathological virtual body image is formed. For example, if a schoolboy always sits at his desk with curved spine, in several years this pose with curved spine becomes habitual and seems to a person as comfortable and normal. Though it is apparent that abnormal destructive processes take place in the organism in this case. In turn, these processes more and more distort the body ima e, which regulates the processes in the body more and more inadequately. Any actions on correction of these abnormal processes, for example, straightening of spine, result in unpleasant emotions. Most methods of non-traditional medicine are oriented just to normalization of the virtual body image and through the image to the therapeutical effect. For example, gymnastics for regulation of breathing in yoga do not produce any therapeutical effect by themselves. But if one achieves a correct breathing, the therapeutical effect extends to all the organs and systems of the body. To our opinion, this result is observed because the normative virtual body image is adjusted and it forces the whole organism t function correctly (Aleshin, 1995). If a person removes his psychological dependence on alcohol but does not normalize his virtual body image, he will feel a thirst for alcohol. In our practice, we observed the cases, where a patient after the therapy by the "Forsage" method showed an alcoholic pattern different from his alcoholic virtual reality, which was eliminated by the procedures. This fact means that other non-alcoholic pathological images appeared. One day, in six months after therapy by the "Forsage" method, we examined a woman who had no thirst for alcohol, but she was worried with the dreams, where there appeared a bottle of a strange shape that she had never seen before. After these dreams, her mood became worse, and she reminded her previous alcoholic life that prevented her from normal living. By means of "Forsage", this alcoholic image was blocked, physiological processes were corrected, and as a result the woman lost all her unpleasant reminis ences in relation to alcohol, her sleep and normal status were recovered. Any change in the virtual body image results in a sufficiently fast and sharp reorganization in functional systems of the body that is observed in the form of unpleasant feelings. Enterosorbents like Polyphepan, which clean the organism from so-called slags, take an essential part in reduction of these feelings. For example, before therapy by the "Forsage" method, patient Sh-v aforementioned showed significant changes in cellular immunity in the form of unbalance of immunoglobulins, which are involved in the immune response, and reduction of phagocytosis, i. e., protective reaction of the organism. In twelve days after the therapeutical procedure by the "Forsage" method, the blood formula was normalized, no significant deviations of cellular immunity were observed, headaches were terminated along other numerous pai ful phenomena. Alcoholic dependence is eliminated in one procedure by means of "Forsage"; i. e., after a single application of the procedure to his mental image, a person losses the thirst for alcohol. This result entitles us to say that there is no physiological alcoholic dependence but there exist only mental dependence, precisely, virtual dependence. If it were a physiological dependence generated by introduction of alcohol into metabolic processes of the organism, a single procedure would not be able to eliminate the lcoholic dependence by purely psychological means. Apparently, alcohol is a metabolic element only in the sense that the regulating instances include the image of alcohol and themselves demand a person to consume it. As, for example, a person, who got used to strongly peppered meals, can eat pepper-free meals only under force of his will without any pleasure or even full-fledged satiation. Obviously, pepper is not a necessary metabolic element but the organism demands to consume it even in spite of the fact that pepper is harmful and a person realizes the damage from eating pepper but cannot do anything with himself. Like excessive meals, pepper is not a necessary element of metabolism within the physiological terms, but actually produces an additional loading for the organism, which will be certainly adapted at last but will eliminate with loading with pleasure. The same pattern is observed in the case of alcohol: alcohol becomes a habitual though excessive element in the organism; therefore, when the alcoholic image is eliminated from the regulating instance (virtual image of the body), organism itself does not show any thirst for alcohol. After devirtualization of alcoholic images, a person losses his thirst for alcohol as a method for transition to virtual reality, and any thirst for alcohol disappears after the procedures, which normalize self-image of the body. Our assumptions on virtual dependence, i. e., dependence at the level of self-image of the body, are confirmed by the fact that the procedures, which normalize virtual body image, result in sharp changes in the organism: body temperature increases, abundant urination starts, pains in organs appear, etc. Normalizing virtual therapy produces a favourable influence on the organism as a whole and drives it to its physiological standard that has a distinct effect of rejuvenation. Normalizing virtual therapy is a non-specific part of the "Forsage" method, i. e., it can be also applied independently in other cases: therapy of tobaccoism, normalization, rejuvenation of organism, etc. Procedure of Virtual Therapy by the "Forsage" Method For therapy using our methods, we select patients suffering from chronic alcoholism at the first, second, and third stages of their disease, who passed traditional medicinal stationary or ambulatory treatment or whose status of hard drinking was terminated. The minimum period of abstinence from alcohol after termination of hard drinking equals three days. In addition to treatment with medicaments performed on option of the patients, it is desirable to use nutritive adsorbents for a more complete excretion o slags from the organism. A comprehensive examination of the patient is carried out including echo encephalography, clinical and biochemical blood examination, electrocardiography, investigation of microelements in the organism, psychological testing, etc. Apparently, it is necessary to obtain the personal desire of the patient to eliminate his alcoholic dependence. Only after settlement of all the problems aforementioned, it is possible to carry out directly the therapeutical procedures. The most essential stage in the virtual therapy of alcoholism includes search for alcoholic virtual images that serve as the basis for the alcoholic virtual reality: preferential alcoholic drink, taste and smell if alcohol, spiritual discomfort, etc. By means of the acupuncture effect, these images are devirtualized, and a patient who suffers from alcoholism is removed from the alcoholic virtual reality. During all the therapeutical process, continuous psychophysiological control of the patients status is carried out. In dependence upon the severity of the disease, it is necessary to carry out one to five procedures. Despite of the short duration (one or two, or, in severe cases, maximum five procedures of maximum one hour each), the alcoholic dependence of a patient is completely eliminated as a result of the therapy by the "Forsage" method, and he becomes merely indifferent to alcoholic situations. Elimination of the alcoholic virtual reality enables us to remove the thirst for alcohol and to regenerate the vitally essential functions of a human organism. In the case, where the constant reality beyond alcohol becomes essential for an alcoholic-dependent person, the efficiency of elimination of his alcoholic dependence is high. If the constant reality is not essential for a person, some elements of the thirst for alcohol may be retained that finally may result in relapse of the disease. For a more effe tive elimination of the alcoholic dependence, it is desirable to generate or regenerate another virtual reality, which creates alcohol-free values of life. As we have already discussed, at the first stage of alcoholism, a person who suffers from alcoholic dependence sometimes exists in the virtual alcoholic reality. After the therapy by the "Forsage" method is carried out, the patient is removed from the world of the alcoholic virtual reality; i. e., the alcoholic virtual reality is completely eliminated. At this stage of the disease, a patient is influenced by his social significance: family, position at work, opinion of other people, education, etc. After el mination of the alcoholic virtual reality, his constant reality becomes more significant that the eliminated alcoholic virtual reality. At the second stage of alcoholism, especially, at the extended stage, a person lives already in two parallel worlds: in the still existing constant reality of a normal person and in the world of virtual reality, while the alcoholic virtual reality becomes more attractive for him. The life of the relatives is associated with anticipation of a failure of the alcoholic member of family: even if the husband comes home sober today, there is a fear that he will drink tomorrow or some other day, and relatives of a coholic patients spend years living in this painful fear. After the treatment carried out by the "Forsage" method, the efficiency of therapy will to a great extent depend on the significance of the alcohol-free reality for the patient, on the fact that he will find application to his capacities and will be able to realize them in his real life. Relatives of the patient took an essential part in his stable remission, i. e., in the period of complete abstinence from alcohol: their desire to escape from the wo ld of alcoholic virtual reality of their husbands or wives is not less significant than the sober life of their relatives itself. In many cases, upon beginning of stable remission of their husbands or wives, their relatives continue their life in the alcoholic virtual reality as if they lose a part of their life: they do not need to complain to alcoholism of their husbands and wives, or to wait for their drunk coming home, etc. They attempt to fill the vacuum, which appears in their life, with their claims nd high demands to their already abstinent husbands and wives; therefore, they create the atmosphere of neuroticism in the family. In the previous chapters, we have already discussed the complexity of treatment at the third stage of alcoholism, where appearance of severe somatic diseases, which are sometimes irreversible, is accompanied by the loss of the alcohol-free reality: everything in life is lost, there is no family, no job, no perspectives, which are socially significant for the patient, he seems to be immersed in some capsule of the virtual alcoholic world, where alcohol takes the part of only a supporting factor of physical s ell of his life. If we manage to regenerate the earlier lost alcohol-free reality, prolonged abstinence from alcohol will be possible; if we fail to regenerate the alcohol-free reality, remission will not take place, and the patient will continue to drink alcohol. We should note that the "Forsage" method has a large practical basis. In the room of anonymous treatment in the Center of Medical and Social Rehabilitation of Narcological Patients (Narcological Clinic No. 1) of Moscow, only in five years (since 1986 till 1990), 1496 patients passed the course of virtual therapy by the "Forsage" method. They included 133 patients (8.9 %) at the first stage of alcoholism (efficiency of recovery is 93 %), 627 patients (41.9 %) at the second stage of alcoholism (efficiency of ecovery is 87.7 %), and 736 patients (49.2 %) at the third stage of alcoholism (efficiency of recovery is 33 %).
This book describes the virtual model of alcoholism. According to this model, alcoholism results from disorders in the image sphere of a person, namely, from appearance of alcoholic virtual reality. Once appeared, alcoholic virtual reality begins parasitism on the person extending more and more. Thus, in answer to the question in the Introduction, what is ill in an alcohol-dependent person, we can say that this is his image sphere, and the disorder includes generation of alcoholic virtual reality. Unlike normal images, the specificity of alcoholic virtual images is in the absence of regulators of virtual images. The virtual model of alcoholism does not contradict to the existing medical and psychological approaches to alcoholism, because it considers the only aspect of alcoholism: virtual causes of alcoholism. Alcoholism is a very multiform phenomenon, which should be studied from all points of view; the virtual model does not exclude all the other approaches due to its polyontological principle described in the first chapter. The mind of a drunk person is virtualized, i. e., a drunk person does not differ the reality of his images from the external objective reality. He considers his mental images as real as those existing beyond his mind. In this respect, the mind of a drunk person resembles the mind of a child under seven, who also feels no difference between the intramental and extramental phenomena (Nosova, 1995). As was shown in this book, the irresistible wish of an alcohol-dependent person to drink alcohol is caused not by his physiological wish, not by alcoholic images themselves, but his virtual alcoholic images, i. e., the images, which generate alcoholic virtual reality. Devirtualization by means of "Forsage" (Yatsenko, 1995, Russian patent, priority since 1992) eliminates the alcoholic dependence. But the existent experience of being in virtual reality remains for the whole life (Genisaretskii, 1995); i. e., alcoholic virtual images after devirtualization remain potentially virtual. This potential can be realized in the case of a single drinking of alcohol exceeding the specific dose of a person. This dose is specific for each person, and nowadays it is still difficult to etermine this dose with scientific reliability. Determination of this dose means the ability of dosed drinking of alcohol. The work in this direction is one of the nearest perspectives of our investigations. In this book, we do not take in consideration either social or medical, or biochemical, or other aspects of alcoholism that certainly exist and that should be considered in the due approach to alcoholism. For example, within the terms of sociology, it is undoubtedly essential to consider the social groups, which are most subjected to alcoholism, the social circumstances, which to most extent promote the growth of alcoholism, etc. And sociological aspects are directly connected with virtual ones, for example, social shocks destroy existing supreme values of a human life (values of living, family, confidence in the future, justice, etc.,) and undoubtedly result in the growth of alcoholism, because these regula ors of life are destroyed for some persons, whose so-called extravirtual potential of personality is reduced (Kalmykov, 1995). In specification of the "Forsage" method, we can say that it is characterized by the following features.
1. Individual approach to a patient.
2. No medicaments are applied.
3. Absolute absence of allergic reactions due to the absence of medicaments.
4. Short time of therapeutical course: one or two procedures, in most severe cases, maximum five procedures.
5. Prolonged therapeutical effect: thirst for alcohol disappears for the whole life.
6. Possible adjustment of dosed consumption of alcohol.
7. Treatment does not take place in a hospital.
8. Possible treatment of patients in the third stage of alcoholism.
9. A patient needs no changes in personality.
10. High efficiency of treatment: present efficiency of treatment of patients in the first, second, and third stages of alcoholism equals 93, 88, and 33 per cent, respectively; there are perspectives to increase the efficiency of treatment.
The virtual technologies applied in our patented "Forsage" method enable not only to eliminate as much as possible the thirst for alcohol but to recover health so that a person could live without any thirst for alcoholic drinks and without any fear of a possible relapse in his disease. The goal, which we set in writing this book, will be achieved if this book helps persons, who abuse alcohol, to have a new look at their disease and, what is most important, to believe that recovery is possible.